How nginx processes a TCP/UDP session
A TCP/UDP session from a client is processed in successive steps called phases:
- The first phase after accepting a client connection. The ngx_stream_realip_module module is invoked at this phase.
- Preliminary check for access. The ngx_stream_limit_conn_module and ngx_stream_set_module modules are invoked at this phase.
- Client access limitation before actual data processing. The ngx_stream_access_module module is invoked at this phase.
- TLS/SSL termination. The ngx_stream_ssl_module module is invoked at this phase.
- Reading initial bytes of data into the preread buffer to allow modules such as ngx_stream_ssl_preread_module analyze the data before its processing.
- Mandatory phase where data is actually processed, usually proxied to upstream servers, or a specified value is returned to a client.
- The final phase where the result of a client session processing is recorded. The ngx_stream_log_module module is invoked at this phase.