Module ngx_http_headers_module

Example Configuration
Directives
     add_header
     add_trailer
     expires

The ngx_http_headers_module module allows adding the “Expires” and “Cache-Control” header fields, and arbitrary fields, to a response header.

Example Configuration

expires    24h;
expires    modified +24h;
expires    @24h;
expires    0;
expires    -1;
expires    epoch;
expires    $expires;
add_header Cache-Control private;

Directives

Syntax: add_header name value [always];
Default:
Context: http, server, location, if in location

Adds the specified field to a response header provided that the response code equals 200, 201 (1.3.10), 204, 206, 301, 302, 303, 304, 307 (1.1.16, 1.0.13), or 308 (1.13.0). Parameter value can contain variables.

There could be several add_header directives. These directives are inherited from the previous level if and only if there are no add_header directives defined on the current level.

If the always parameter is specified (1.7.5), the header field will be added regardless of the response code.

Syntax: add_trailer name value [always];
Default:
Context: http, server, location, if in location

This directive appeared in version 1.13.2.

Adds the specified field to the end of a response provided that the response code equals 200, 201, 206, 301, 302, 303, 307, or 308. Parameter value can contain variables.

There could be several add_trailer directives. These directives are inherited from the previous level if and only if there are no add_trailer directives defined on the current level.

If the always parameter is specified the specified field will be added regardless of the response code.

Syntax: expires [modified] time;
expires epoch | max | off;
Default:
expires off;
Context: http, server, location, if in location

Enables or disables adding or modifying the “Expires” and “Cache-Control” response header fields provided that the response code equals 200, 201 (1.3.10), 204, 206, 301, 302, 303, 304, 307 (1.1.16, 1.0.13), or 308 (1.13.0). The parameter can be a positive or negative time.

The time in the “Expires” field is computed as a sum of the current time and time specified in the directive. If the modified parameter is used (0.7.0, 0.6.32) then the time is computed as a sum of the file’s modification time and the time specified in the directive.

In addition, it is possible to specify a time of day using the “@” prefix (0.7.9, 0.6.34):

expires @15h30m;

The contents of the “Cache-Control” field depends on the sign of the specified time:

The epoch parameter sets “Expires” to the value “Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:01 GMT”, and “Cache-Control” to “no-cache”.

The max parameter sets “Expires” to the value “Thu, 31 Dec 2037 23:55:55 GMT”, and “Cache-Control” to 10 years.

The off parameter disables adding or modifying the “Expires” and “Cache-Control” response header fields.

The last parameter value can contain variables (1.7.9):

map $sent_http_content_type $expires {
    default         off;
    application/pdf 42d;
    ~image/         max;
}

expires $expires;